Fertility medications play a key role in your infertility treatment. They are used to induce ovulation, often producing more than 1 egg for that specific cycle. The risk of a multiple pregnancy must always be discussed with couples starting fertility medications.
Fertility medications can be in pill form (such as Serophene/Clomid or Letrazole/Femara) or injections of gonadotropins (including Puregon, Gonal-F, Menopur, or Repronex). The gonadotropins are dose-dependent, meaning lower doses are used for possible intra-uterine insemination (IUI) cycles and higher doses are used for in-vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles.
Other medications may be used in conjunction with your fertility drugs. For example, Metformin may be used to regulate blood sugar/insulin metabolism in patients with polycystic ovarian disease (PCO). Adjuvant supplemental therapies (such as DHEA and COQ10) may assist follicle production in patients with poor ovarian response.
Everyone responds to fertility medications differently, and your cycle will be tailored to your specific history, diagnosis, and medical condition.
Worried about the effects? Current evidence states that fertility medications do not cause an increased incidence of breast or ovarian cancer.