Although the need for a surrogate mother is rare, there are still couples that require the need for a gestational carrier. For some couples, a gestational surrogate may be their only chance to have their own genetic child when the female partner is unable to sustain a pregnancy on her own.
Women who may require a gestational surrogate include those with:
- Rokitansky’s syndrome (congenital absence of a uterus)
- A severely abnormal uterus
- Previous hysterectomy
- Severe uterine scarring not correctible by surgery
- Medical conditions in which pregnancy is not advised (contraindicated)
- Unexplained recurrent pregnancy loss
- Unexplained failed implantation after multiple in-vitro fertilization (IVF)
Even though there are difficult and ethical dilemmas associated with gestational surrogacy, the MFC believes that a couple should have this option if it makes sense given their history. If done correctly (with proper medical screening, psychological testing and counselling, as well as legal advice), gestational surrogacy is extremely rewarding for both the couple and the carrier.
Information about Canadian legislation and how it affects patients that require a gestational surrogate can be obtained by logging on to: www.parl.gc.ca